|作者：英语点津 文章来源：China Daily 点击数69 更新时间：2017/3/15 11:05:39 文章录入：刘老师 责任编辑：liu|
If you sign your name in a large flourish, you just might be a narcissist.
According to recent studies, signatures can be a tell-tale sign of a person’s darker traits, revealing if they are authoritative and exploitative.
In addition, researchers have found that a large signature is linked to those who enjoy being the center of attention – and for women especially, this writing style was tied to narcissism.
A study analyzing the signatures of 500 chief financial officers found that signature size is linked only to the dark elements of narcissism, according to PsyBlog.
Positive traits associated with narcissism, such as self-confidence, were not found to be related.
Instead, they noted a relationship between signature size, authoritativeness and exploitativeness.
And, CFOs with the largest signatures were more likely lie about the company’s earnings or relax internal controls.
‘In an ideal setting, you would be in direct contact with executives and have them take a personality test,’ said Dr Charles Ham, one of the study’s authors.
‘But that’s not usually possible. A signature comes directly from the executive.
‘We used two laboratory tests to establish the link between signature size and narcissism.’
President Trump is among many well-known figures to use a large, illegible signature.
And in his hand-written letters, he often uses all uppercase and overtakes much of the page.
In a similar study, published in the Journal of Research in Personality, researchers investigated the relationship between signature size and a number of traits, including aggressive and sociable dominance, narcissism, and self-esteem.
The team analyzed the signatures of 340 Uruguayan university students.
This revealed ‘a significant link between signature size and sociable dominance, both for males and females, while narcissism was only in females significantly associated with signature size.’
People who score higher in sociable dominance often like to be the center of attention, the researchers explained.
‘Given the positive association of signature size and sociable dominance, larger signatures could be interpreted as a signal of the inclination to stand out and occupy a central position within a group,’ they wrote.
And, signature size isn’t the only indication that a person might be a narcissist.
The use of extra lines or exclamation marks could be revealing as well, according to PsyBlog.
‘We’ve looked for that silver lining, and we haven’t found it,’ Dr Ham said, explaining that many people consider narcissism a ‘good trait’ and often link it to Steve Jobs.
‘We didn’t predict at first that signature size would be related only to the dark elements of narcissism. But that’s what we found.’