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|作者：英语点津 文章来源：China Daily 点击数：132 更新时间：2016/3/24|
Universities in the UK are leading the way in maths, English, history and art, according to annual rankings.
Following analysis of subject strength at world institutions, major global league tables have revealed that UK universities provide the best courses in eight of the 42 subjects analysed.
Four universities feature in the top placed rankings, including the University of Oxford, which leads in four subjects, and the University of Cambridge, which leads three.
The Royal College of Art, which was given a major boost last week by George Osborne, the Chancellor, with ￡54 million in funding for its new campus in Battersea, is ranked as the world’s best university for art and design, while the Institute of Education University College London retains its status as world-leading for education.
However, the rankings were dominated by US universities, with Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) topping the tables in 24 subjects between them.
Published by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), researchers garnered the opinions of 76,798 academics and 44,426 employers to inform the results, alongside the analysis of 28.5 million research papers.
Results of the research saw UK universities secure eight first place rankings, 16 second-place rankings and 21 third-place rankings, with increases in both academic and employer reputation.
Commenting on the rankings, Ben Sowter, head of the QS Intelligence Unit, said: "Though the US and UK remain dominant, our most inclusive rankings ever show that excellence can be found in an ever-increasing number of places.
"Nations like Austria, South Africa, Finland, Brazil, China, and Sweden can be found in the top ten of our tables. Our new top 100 for performing arts acknowledges academic excellence in 27 different countries and regions, while our top 100 for mineral engineering recognises 26 countries and regions.”
Top world universities by subject
Accounting and Finance: Harvard, US
Agriculture and Forestry: Wageningen University, Netherlands
Anthropology: Harvard, US
Archaeology: University of Cambridge, UK
Architecture/Built Environment: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), US
Art and Design: Royal College of Art, UK
Biological Sciences: Harvard, US
Business and Management: Harvard, US
Chemistry: MIT, US
Communication and Media Studies: University of Southern California, US
Computer Science: MIT, US
Dentistry: University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Development Studies: Harvard, US
Earth and Marine Sciences: ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Economics and Econometrics: MIT, US
Education: UCL Institute of Education, UK
Engineering – Chemical: MIT, US
Engineering – Civil and Structural: MIT, US
Engineering – Electrical & Electronic: MIT, US
Engineering – Mechanical: MIT, US
Engineering – Mining and Mineral: Colorado School of Mines, US
English Language and Literature: University of Oxford, UK
Environmental Sciences: University of California, Berkeley, US
Geography: University of Oxford, UK
History: Universities of Oxford & Cambridge, UK
Law: Harvard, US
Linguistics: MIT, US
Materials Science: MIT, US
Mathematics: University of Cambridge, UK
Medicine: Harvard, US
Modern Languages: University of Oxford, UK
Nursing: University of Pennsylvania, US
Performing Arts: Juilliard, US
Pharmacy and Pharmacology: Harvard, US
Philosophy: University of Pittsburgh, US
Physics and Astronomy: MIT, US
Politics and International Studies: Harvard, US
Psychology: Harvard, US
Social Policy and Administration: Harvard, US
Sociology: Harvard, US
Statistics and Operational Research: MIT, US
Veterinary Science: University of California, Davis, US