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|作者：英语点津 文章来源：China Daily 点击数：72 更新时间：2017/1/22|
About 13 million pages of declassified documents from the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have been released online.
The move came after lengthy efforts from freedom of information advocates and a lawsuit against the CIA.
The agency published the roughly 930,000 documents that make up the CIA Records Search Tool (Crest) on Tuesday.
While much of the information has been technically publicly available since the mid-1990s, it has been very difficult to access.
The records were only available on four physical computers located in the back of a library at the National Archives in Maryland, between 09:00 and 16:30 each day.
"Previously, in order to directly access Crest, a researcher was required to visit the National Archives at College Park, Maryland," according to the program's webpage. "CIA recognized that such visits were inconvenient and presented an obstacle to many researchers."
The Crest database features a wide range of different files, including former secretary of state Henry Kissinger's papers, and documents on Nazi war crimes. The collection also has files on UFOs, recipes for invisible ink and reports on research into telepathy.
This research included the Stargate Project, an initiative to investigate the possibilities of telepathy for intelligence use. A 1995 review of the research concluded it was "unclear whether the existence of a paranormal phenomenon, remote viewing, has been demonstrated".
The CIA also kept files and documents on media organizations and individual reporters. A letter attached to a photocopy of a Mother Jones article from 1978 describes the newsmagazine as a "locally-produced scandal sheet published by a dissident group". The author and the recipient of the letter have been redacted from the files.
An internal CIA letter notes the appointment of Carl Bernstein, one of the reporters who exposed the Watergate scandal, as the Washington program manager for ABC. The sender of the letter notes his desire to "find out what kind of person he is". Crest includes dozens of documents related to Bob Woodward, the other half of the team that reported on Watergate, and a brief 1985 note expresses concern about Woodward's future reporting: "I learned from CIA source that Washington Post's Watergate reporter, has cast evil eye on CIA chief Bill Casey," the note reads. "Woodward is questioning everyone who ever knew Casey."
Woodward published a book about Casey's time as director of central intelligence in 1987.
The Castro document includes a partial transcript of a 1977 transcript between Barbara Walters and Fidel Castro in which she asked Castro whether he had "proof" of the CIA's last attempt to assassinate him. The transcript was sent to Adm. Stansfield Turner, the CIA director at the time, by a public affairs official at the agency with a note highlighting all references to CIA.
A non-profit freedom of information group, MuckRock, sued the CIA to force it to upload the collection, in a process which took more than two years.
In November, the CIA announced it would publish the material, and the entire declassified CREST archive is now available on the CIA Library website.
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