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|作者：英语点津 文章来源：China Daily 点击数：50 更新时间：2017/5/23|
The popularity of tomboys has sparked a sharp rise in the number of girls wanting to swap gender, according to a leading NHS psychologist.
New statistics show that for the first time, more than double the number of girls compared to boys seek the NHS's gender identity development service.
In popular culture, lead characters such as Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger Games, Tris Prior in the Divergent series, or Eleven in Stranger Things, have sparked a revival of strong tomboyoish, females.
In the past year there have been 1,400 'assigned at birth' females who have sought treatment, compared with 616 males.
"It's a very interesting question, and an important question, because it was the other way around initially," said Dr Polly Carmichael, who is the head of the gender identity development service.
"There have been different ideas put forward. Some people have talked about how it is easier for girls to cross-gender identify because it's a positive image to be a tomboy.
The service - which is the NHS's only gender identity service and is based at the Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust in north London - was commissioned in 2009.
In its first year, it recorded carrying out appointments for 56 males compared with 40 girls.
Since then, the numbers have grown astronomically, and the gender gap has both flipped around and widened.
There were 88 males compared with 118 females in 2011/12, 121 compared with 188 in 2012/13, 188 to 278 in 2013/14, 270 to 427 in 2014/15, and 490 to 929 in 2015/16.
Popular arguments that suggest it is unappealing to be female include a perception of being tied to domestic labour, body image pressures and a gender pay gap.
The latest figures also show the number of referrals to the Tavistock Centre has generally risen by more than 50 percent each year, although the most recent data indicates only a 42 percent increase.
The data also revealed meanwhile that 32 children aged five or below - or at least just their parents - visited the clinic in 2016/17, compared with 20 in 2015/16, and just six in 2009/10.
Only about 40 percent go through with identifying as a different gender, and the clinic will only consider referring children for hormone blockers once they reach stage two of puberty.
The clinic only expects families to visit if the children are showing genuine distress, and does not expect the particularly young kids to join their parents at appointment.
"There has been a huge increase in interest over the last couple of years," added Dr Carmichael.
"I think if parents have a concern it's entirely appropriate to seek expert advice. We don't say 'they need a transition', but it's an opportunity for them to discuss what they have heard and to develop a dialogue and relationship.
"If families don't seek support then it might be that only later, at puberty, they're very distressed so it's not unhelpful to make contact earlier."
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