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|作者：英语点津 文章来源：China Daily 点击数：19 更新时间：2017/7/2|
科普：国会开幕大典（State Opening of Parliament）
The State Opening of Parliament is an event which formally marks the beginning of a session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It includes a speech from the throne known as the Queen's Speech (or King's Speech).
It takes place in the House of Lords chamber, usually in May or June, in front of both Houses of Parliament.
State Opening is the main ceremonial event of the parliamentary calendar, attracting large crowds and a significant television and online audience. It begins with the Queen's procession from Buckingham Palace to Westminster, escorted by the Household Cavalry.
The Queen's Speech is delivered by the Queen from the Throne in the House of Lords. Although the Queen reads the Speech, it is written by the government. It contains an outline of its policies and proposed legislation for the new parliamentary session.
Her Majesty chose a royal blue ensemble to make her speech, with a matching hat featuring seven flowers - each with a small round centre - which some believe resemble the stars on the blue background of the EU flag.
The pomp and ceremony of the Queen's Speech was toned down, partly due to the snap election meaning it has been arranged at late notice.
This year's ceremony was scaled down because it is taking place just four days after the Trooping the Colour and it was deemed infeasible for the military to stage two major events in such a short period.
It means the Queen travelled to and from the Palace of Westminster by car rather than by carriage.
With the loss of the procession and the carriage used to take the Regalia - the Imperial state crown, the Cap of Maintenance and Great Sword of State - to the Palace of Westminster, it is understood the decision was taken to scale back other ceremonial elements, such as the Queen's attire.
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